Reinhardt, Django (Jean-Baptiste)

Reinhardt, Django (Jean-Baptiste)
(1910-1953)
   Born in Belgium, though he spent most of his life in France. Musician. Reinhardt was in fact his mother's surname, while his father was called Weiss. As a young Gypsy musician, Reinhardt began his career busking in Paris. In 1920, a French accordionist heard him playing his guitar and offered him a professional engagement in a dance hall, from where he earned his first real money. Jack Hylton, the famous British bandleader, traveled to Paris twice to find him to offer him a contract. The night of their meeting, tragedy struck when a candle set fire to Reinhardt's caravan and his left hand was burned. It was a year before he could play in public again. Yet, because of this disability, he spent hours working out how to play with the three fingers usable on his left hand, and his technique was said to reinvent guitar playing. At this stage, he discovered jazz and formed a quartet with his brother Joseph and two non-Gypsies, Louis Vola and Stefan Grap-pelli. A fifth player was added, and they formed the quintet, which gained fame as the Hot Club de France.
   In September 1939 the quintet was playing in London on the eve of World War II, which prompted the guitarist to return to France. When that country was conquered by the Germans, jazz was condemned as "Negro music." Concerts were no longer advertised as jazz. While playing later in occupied Belgium, at the Club Rythmique de Belgique, Reinhardt was asked to tour Germany. He knew Gypsies were being arrested there and sent to the death camps, so he avoided this danger by requesting 120,000 francs per concert, knowing the Germans would not pay such an amount. Toward the end of the war, he sensed danger again and moved from Paris to near Thonon-les-Bains at the Swiss border, where he once dared to play "La Marseillaise" in front of German officers. From there he tried to slip across the border, but was arrested and found to have a membership card of the British Society of Composers. The German officer who interrogated him was a jazz fan and let the musician go free.
   His being cut off from the international world of jazz in occupied France led to a lukewarm reception in New York when later he did play there in 1946. Café society there no longer felt jazz was an art with mass appeal, and the Reinhardt name was not enough to make up for his lack of professionalism. On his return to France, he began to learn the electric guitar but died in Samois after refusing to call a doctor when suffering from a brain hemorrhage.
   Contemporary performers of Gypsy jazz include Lollo Meier, Andreas Oberg, Ritary Gaguenetti, and Matcho Winterstein, as well as others who are listed individually in this dictionary.

Historical dictionary of the Gypsies . .

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  • Reinhardt, Jean-Baptiste — (1910 1953) (Django Reinhardt)    musician, jazz composer    Known popularly as Django, Jean Baptiste Reinhardt was of Romany origin and was born in Liber chies, Belgium. A self taught guitarist, he performed at the Hot Club de France in Paris,… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Jean Baptiste Reinhardt — Jean „Django“ Reinhardt (* 23. Januar 1910 in Liberchies, Belgien; † 16. Mai 1953 in Samois sur Seine bei Paris), Gitarrist, Komponist und Bandleader, gilt als der Vater und Begründer des europäischen Jazz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Baptiste Thielemans — Jean Baptiste „Toots“ Thielemans Jean Baptiste „Toots“ Thielemans (* 29. April 1922 in Brüssel, Belgien) ist ein belgischer Jazz Mundharmonikaspieler, gitarrist und pfeifer. Im Alter von drei Jahren begann er Akkordeon zu lernen, mit 17 Jahren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reinhardt, Django — orig. Jean Baptiste Reinhardt born Jan. 23, 1910, Liberchies, Belg. died May 16, 1953, Fontainebleau, France Belgian French guitarist. Of Roma (Gypsy) parentage, Reinhardt learned guitar at an early age, adapting his technique to accommodate the… …   Universalium

  • Reinhardt, Django — orig. Jean Baptiste Reinhardt (23 ene. 1910, Liberchies, Bélgica–16 may. 1953, Fontainebleau, Francia). Guitarrista francobelga. Hijo de padres gitanos, Reinhardt aprendió guitarra precozmente y adaptó su técnica para suplir el uso de dos dedos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reinhardt,Jean Baptiste — Rein·hardt (rīnʹhärt ), Jean Baptiste. Known as “Django.” 1910 1953. Belgian born French jazz guitarist noted for his improvisational skills. Despite losing the use of two fingers in an injury to his left hand in 1928, he remained an influential… …   Universalium

  • Reinhardt — Reinhardt, Max Goldmann, llamado Max * * * (as used in expressions) Reinhardt, Ad(olf Frederick) Reinhardt, Django Jean Baptiste Reinhardt Reinhardt, Max …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reinhardt — /ruyn hahrt/; Ger. /rdduyn hahrddt/, n. Max /maks/; Ger. /mahks/, (Max Goldmann), 1873 1943, German theatrical director, producer, and actor; born in Austria. * * * (as used in expressions) Reinhardt Adolf Frederick Reinhardt Django Jean Baptiste …   Universalium

  • Django Reinhardt — Para otros usos de este término, véase Django (desambiguación). Django Reinhardt, 1946 Jean Baptiste Django Reinhardt (Liberchies, Bélgica, 23 de enero de 1910 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Django Reinardt — Django Reinhardt Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reinhardt. Django Reinhardt Nom Jean Baptiste Reinhardt Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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